Punctuation is the use of special marks to make writing more clear. It’s important to proofread our writing to make sure that we’ve included all the proper punctuation.
Commonly Used and Misused Punctuation Marks
Use commas to separate items in a series.
Example: Our itinerary included Delhi, Bombay & Nepal.
Use a comma before and, but, or, nor, for, so, and yet.
Example: The story gets off to a boring start, but it was exciting toward the end.
Use commas to set off nonessential clauses and phrases.
Example: My father, who was a genius, wrote this book.
Use a comma after introductory elements.
Examples: Well, how are you today?
Use commas to set off an expression that interrupts a sentence.
Examples: This useful article, in our monthly magazine, is about child care.
Use a comma in certain conventional situations (to separate items in dates and addresses, after the salutation and closing of a letter, and after a name followed by a title).
Examples: September 1, 1970 Mr. Robert, Ph.D.
Use commas after words like yes, no and well when they begin a sentence.
Example: "Yes, I wrote this article."
Use commas to set off the names of people who are spoken to directly.
Example: "Bob, that was a good lecture!"
Use commas to separate a series of three or more words.
Example: "She made a sandwich with peanut butter, jelly, and bread."
Do not use unnecessary commas. Use them sparingly and only to clarify issues. Commas in the wrong places can be confusing and dangerous.
Example-1: Hang him, not release him. ----- This can get somebody hanged.
Example-2: Hang him not, release him. ----- This can get somebody released.
Quotation marks come at the beginning and end of a person's exact words.
PERSON A: "Are you planning to change anything?"
PERSON B: "I want to change this design."
PERSON A: "What do you have in mind?"
PERSON B: "I want to decrease the tube length in the engine."
PERSON A: "It will not work."
End punctuation marks are usually placed inside the last quotation mark
Tom said, "He walked very quickly."
"Attention buyers. My book is in Amazon!"
Use a colon to mean "note what follows."
Example: When you go to training, take these items: paper, pencil, and plenty of paper.
Use a semicolon between independent clauses not joined by and, but, nor, for, yet, and so.
Read what you've written; don't just pass it on.
Tom failed the exam; however, he did not drop the course.
To form the possessive case of a singular noun, add an apostrophe and an s.
Examples: Tim's car; One's home. If the addition of an "s" produces an awkward sound, add only the apostrophe. Usually, this is when there is already a double "s" sound. Examples: Moses'; for old times' sake; for goodness' sake.
To form the possessive case of a plural noun, add an apostrophe after the s.
Example: girls' teams.
If the plural form of the word does not end in s, add an apostrophe and an s.
Example: women's team.
Use an apostrophe to show where letters have been omitted in a contraction.
can't = cannot
it's = it is
When referring to the number '2', always use "TWO".
Examples: Women have two breasts.
When referring to a direction, action, or a destination, use "TO".
Example: He's going to the car.
When used in a sentance that means "also" or "very" you should use "Too".
Example: I want to go too! or That's too hard!.
A simple trick is to ask yourself "Can I use "also" or "very" in place of this?". In the example, does "That's very hard!" make sense? Of course it does! In that case "TOO" would be correct.
When referring to a PLACE, always use "THERE".
Examples: He lives over there.
An easy trick is "is it HERE or T-HERE". Adding a T to "here" makes it "there", both being a place.
When referring to a person's stuff, use "Their".
Example: All of their friends are
Using their lets the reader know you're meaning something that belongs to someone else. Their home, their skateboard, etc.
When referring to a person's STATE OF BEING you should use "They're".
Example: They're going to church.
A simple trick is to ask yourself, "Can I use "they are" in place of this?". In the example, does "They are going to church." make sense? Of course it does! In that case "they're" would be correct.
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